This article will cover some of the most prevalent and potent types of cyber attacks. It will explain the differences between them and then provide a few examples to help you determine which type of attack is more likely to be directed at you. The information is geared towards individuals who are not experts in security.
A piece of software designed to bypass your appealing defenses, either by taking control over your computer, stealing data, or doing both. There are many different types of malware, and they are often referred to by their class and style of cyber attack (i.e., spyware, adware, viruses).
Hacking is simply the focus on finding vulnerabilities in a system and exploiting them. It is a frequently misunderstood term and misused by both the press and security camera administrators. It should be considered just another category of attack that is not broken down into specific types (like some other classes of episodes).
A phishing attack is a type of cyber attack that attempts to trick you into giving out your personal information. These attacks typically occur through email and social media, and the attacker sets them up to appear as if they are a legitimate business. They will try to get you to click on links or download appealing attachments that contain malicious software like viruses and Trojans.
4. Denial of service (DoS).
A type of cyber attack that targets a system in order to make it unavailable for its intended purpose. It can be a very effective tactic, especially if the attacker can take control of an appealing system for an extended period.
5. IP spoofing.
Another type of attack is designed to deceive. It essentially creates a false IP address that presents you with the appealing appearance of someone who is accessing the network from another location. Often this type of cyber attack occurs in conjunction with other types (i.e., DNS attacks).
6. Spear phishing
DNS attacks are two parts of a spear-phishing campaign. This is essentially a phishing attack used to deliver malware. It is referred to as spear phishing because it targets specific individuals instead of a large group of people.
7. Man-in-the-middle (MITM)
This type of cyber attack targets the man in the middle of an unsecured network. It leaves the user vulnerable because it allows an eavesdropper to see anything that passes through the connection and tamper with any content that would typically be encrypted.
8. SQL injection
A hazardous type of attack involves an attacker injecting malicious SQL statements into an web application. Ideally, it will compromise the database server and allow the attacker to manipulate or steal data from the victim’s system.
9. Cross-site scripting (XSS)
An attack that compromises a trusted website and hijacks the browser of unsuspecting users. The user usually has no idea that anything is wrong until they are redirected to a website that looks legitimate but is an infected site. Denial of service (DoS) and distributed denial of service (DDoS)- A DDoS attack is multiple types of cyber attacks that have been orchestrated to target a single system or network. It is referred to as a DDoS attack because it involves various attacks.
This type of cyber-attack uses phishing and cross-site scripting techniques to trick people into providing credentials to their bank accounts, appealing social networking accounts, and email. The attacker will then try to use these credentials to access the funds they control.
11. Packet sniffing
A type of cyber attack involves a hacker using a tool like Wireshark (a tool used to monitor network traffic) to capture data that is transmitted over the Internet. He will then analyze this data and use it to determine where an individual has traveled and how much money they are transferring out of their account.
12. DNS spoofing
This tactic is designed to trick the victim into giving out domain credentials. The user will often be presented with a very realistic site that appears a legitimate service. Users are often enticed to provide their login credentials after being promised that the site is simply requesting them for troubleshooting reasons.
13. Session hijacking
A type of cyber attack occurs when an attacker is able to compromise the session being used by another user. He will then assume the victim’s identity and gain access to their system or network. This type of attack is one of the most commonly used phishing campaigns.
14. Man-in-the-browser (MITB)
A type of cyber attack that uses malware to gain access to the operating system of a victim’s machine. This allows the attacker to alter or redirect any data or requests that the victims make to their bank or government agencies. Cross-site request forgery (CSRF)- An attack in which the attacker sends an appealing link to a website while spoofing the user’s address. This link is designed to get the victim to personal input information sent to a third party.
15. DNS poisoning
A type of attack that begins with a spoofed domain is called “DNS cache poisoning.” Users will often be directed towards an unauthorized web page or another website as a result of this type of cyber attack. DNS hijacking- A technique attackers use to compromise the name server of an organization and redirect their traffic to another appealing site. This effectively stops the victim’s traffic from reaching their intended destination.
16. Web application hacking.
This type of cyber attack is used to gain access to a company’s web application and allow an attacker to infiltrate its network. It combines the skills of hackers with those of social engineers in order to both exploit the system and gain appealing access.
17. Web server hacking
Many web applications are prone to this type of cyber attack. It involves gaining access to a system that is running a webserver to install custom software or gain control of the system. Web application security- This type of attack attempts to break through firewalls and exploit holes in an organization’s appealing web application software. Both insiders and outsiders can use it.
18. Web application exploitation
A type of cyber attack that explicitly targets web applications. Attackers will often attempt to penetrate web applications by exploiting known vulnerabilities or discovering new vulnerabilities through social engineering.
19. Web application hacking
This type of cyber attack is used to exploit a web application that has been embedded with malware. It’s a reasonably reliable tactic because it is designed to gain access to the system and allow for the installation of custom software that may provide the attacker with access to multiple appealing systems on a network.